In False Claims Act (“FCA”) cases, the person who brings the False Claims Act claim against the company or individual who commits fraud is called a qui tam relator. Oftentimes the whistleblower is an insider, such as an employee of the company, a contractor, or someone with intimate knowledge of the fraud, and can produce substantial direct evidence.
The False Claims Act, also called the “Lincoln Law”, is an American federal law that imposes liability on persons and companies who defraud governmental programs. It is the federal Government’s primary litigation tool in combating fraud against the Government.
Qui tam lawsuits are a type of lawsuit brought under the False Claims Act, by the relator, which can be filed separately in accordance with both federal and state law. These lawsuits are one of the strongest types of suits, because they include strong protections against retaliation.