The qui tam provision of the Federal False Claims Act (FCA), or “Lincoln Law,” empowers whistleblowers (also known as a qui tam relator) who have firsthand knowledge of frauds or violations against the government to report them to the appropriate officials.
The provisions also incentivize whistleblowers with awards for their cooperation in working directly with government investigators, often in the capacity of a confidential informant. The False Claims Act is the most effective whistleblower law ever passed to protect and reward whistleblowers who expose government contract fraud.
The FCA qui tam law sets mandatory minimum payments to whistleblowers to help convince “insiders” to take the risk of losing their jobs or suffering other harms. This mandatory minimum is enforceable in court. The guaranteed minimum payments, which are often in the millions of dollars, are essential for convincing potential whistleblowers to step forward.
Read the Law
The False Claims Act is codified as 31 U.S.C. §§ 3729-33.
Section 3729 sets forth anti-fraud requirements of the Act, and 31 U.S.C. 3731 includes the provisions related to filing a qui tam lawsuit.