Latvian law permits all citizens to report frauds against the U.S. Government under the False Claims Act, or violations of the provisions of the Securities & Exchange Act, Foreign Corrupt Practice Act, or Commodities Exchange Act.

Current Status of Latvia’s Whistleblower Laws

What disclosures are currently protected?

Latvia passed a nationwide whistleblower law that came into effect in 2019. Under this law disclosures regarding administrative or criminal violations occurring at a public institution are protected.

However, there are no reward provisions for successful whistleblowers under this law. Therefore, whistleblowers may be better off reporting to U.S. regulators, at least until the transposition of the Whistleblower Directive is complete.

Can Latvian whistleblowers receive rewards?

There is no law in Latvia providing whistleblowers rewards, however, they may receive rewards through U.S. laws.

Recent updates and future legislative developments

Latvia has begun the process of transposing the EU Whistleblower Directive and is welcoming comments for amendments to the current law that will give effect to the provisions of the Directive. Given the nationwide protections already in place for protecting whistleblowers from retaliation, whistleblowers and advocates alike are cautiously optimistic about protections to be offered in the new legislation.

Can/should Latvian whistleblowers report to U.S. officials?

No law in Latvia currently prohibits Latvian citizens from reporting frauds against the U.S. government under the False Claims Act, or violations of provisions of other statutes including the Securities & Exchange Act, Foreign Corrupt Practice Act, or Commodities Exchange Act. Therefore, Latvian whistleblowers can and should report relevant violations to U.S. officials under these laws.

Introduction for Latvian Whistleblowers Using U.S. Laws

An overview of the whistleblower protections in the United States

The United States has over 50 separate whistleblower laws, and they each define a protected disclosure separately.

The most comprehensive and widely used U.S. laws offering whistleblowers significant protections are the False Claims Act, the Dodd Frank Act, the Commodities Exchange Act, and the Internal Revenue Code.

These laws all provide various degrees of anonymity, confidentiality, and rewards and cover a myriad of common legal violations.

Protection and anonymity under commonly used whistleblower laws

The False Claims Act permits a whistleblower to file his or her original complaint without revealing his/her identity to the public or a would-be defendant. However, after the government concludes its investigation as to the subject of the complaint, in most cases, the complaint is made public.

The SEC Whistleblower Program (created by the Dodd Frank Act), which includes fraud under the